Thursday, January 8, 2009

Federation Arts and Crafts style

The Federation Arts and Craft style had its origins in England, where architects were reacting to the impersonal nature of the Industrial Revolution.
  • Crafts and handiwork were emphasised to give architecture the "human touch".
  • Australian Federation Arts and Crafts buildings were generally small-scale to medium-scale and predominantly residential.

Arts and Crafts Style

One of the key design and architecture styles of the 19th and early 20th centuries came from the Arts and Crafts Movement.
Typical features are:
  • white, roughcast render
  • everything being exposed to explain the construction such as wooden pegs in beams, and bare stone and brick
    St Ellero, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney
    St Ellero, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney
  • pebble dash
  • stone dressed window and door openings
  • low rooflines
  • asymmetric
Certain tendencies stand out:
  • reformist neo-gothic influences,
  • rustic and "cottagey" surfaces,
  • repeating designs,
  • vertical and elongated forms.
  • Some products were deliberately left slightly unfinished, resulting in a certain rustic and robust effect,
  • Showcases the beauty inherent in craft

St Ellero, Appian Way, Burwood, Sydney:

Federation Arts & Crafts Home, Bellevue Hill
Federation Arts & Crafts Home, Bellevue Hill

Cowper Rose, Randwick House NSW
Cowper Rose, Randwick House NSW